John Slidell

John Slidell

Male 1854 - DECEASED
Person ID: I24660 


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  • Name John Slidell 
    Born 1854  Washington, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died DECEASED 
    Siblings
     1. Baronness Marguerite Mathilde Slidell (ID:I24655),   b. 19 Nov 1842, Belle Point, Reserve, St John the Baptist, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Feb 1927  (Age 84 years)
     2. Comtesse Marie Rosine Slidell (ID:I24656),   b. 1845, Washington, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. DECEASED
     3. Alfred Slidell (ID:I24657),   b. 2 Feb 1847, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1930  (Age 82 years)
     4. Marie Marguerite Caroline Slidel (ID:I24659),   b. 1850, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. DECEASED

    Parents

    Family ID: F17318 Group Sheet  |  Family Chart  
    Father Senator John Slidell (ID:I24639),   b. 1793, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Jul 1871, Isle of Wight, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years) 
    Mother Marguerite Mathilde Deslondes (ID:I24680),   b. Abt 1820, Edgard, St John the Baptist, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Dec 1870, Brighton, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Married 19 Nov 1835  Bonnet Carre, St John the Baptist, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4

    Other Personal Events

    Residence 1860  Ward 6, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Residence Post Office: New Orleans 
  • Event Map

    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1854 - Washington, District of Columbia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1860 - Ward 6, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
  • Source Citations

    1. [S997] 1860 United States Federal Census, Year: 1860; Census Place: New Orleans Ward 6, Orleans, Louisiana; Page: 202; Family History Library Film: 803419.
      1860 United States Federal Census
      1860 United States Federal Census
      Year: 1860; Census Place: New Orleans Ward 6, Orleans, Louisiana; Page: 202; Family History Library Film: 803419


    2. [S1000] Newspaper, Magazine, or Media Outlet, New York Evening Post, December 1835.
      https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/8936/R005-003-0811?pid=
      U.S., Newspaper Extractions from the Northeast, 1704-1930 Document
      U.S., Newspaper Extractions from the Northeast, 1704-1930 Document


    3. [S890] Wikipedia, John Slidell.
      John Slidell (1793 – July 9, 1871) was an American politician, lawyer, and businessman. A native of New York, Slidell moved to Louisiana as a young man and became a Representative and Senator. He was one of two Confederate diplomats captured by the United States Navy from the British ship RMS Trent in 1861 and later released. He was the older brother of Alexander Slidell Mackenzie, a US naval officer.

      Early life

      He was born to merchant John Slidell and Margery née Mackenzie, a Scot. He graduated from Columbia University (then College) 1810. In 1835, Slidell married Mathilde Deslonde. They had three children, Alfred Slidell, Marie Rosine (later [on 30 Sept. 1872] comtesse [Countess] de St. Roman), and Marguerite Mathilde (later [on 3 Oct. 1864] baronne [Baroness] Frederic Emile d'Erlanger).[1]

      Political career

      Slidell was in the mercantile business in New York before he relocated to New Orleans. He practiced law in New Orleans from 1819 to 1843. He was the district attorney in New Orleans from 1829 to 1833. He also served in the state's House of Representatives from 1837 to 1838.[2] Though he lost an election to the United States House in 1828, he was elected in 1842 and served a term and a half from 1843 to 1845, as a Democrat.[3] He served as minister plenipotentiary to Mexico from 1845-1846.

      Prior to the Mexican–American War, Slidell was sent to Mexico, by President James Knox Polk, to negotiate an agreement whereby the Rio Grande would be the southern border of Texas. He also was instructed to offer, among other alternatives, a maximum of $25 million for California by Polk and his administration.[4] Slidell warned Polk that the Mexican reluctance to negotiate a peaceful solution might require a show of military force to defend the border by the United States. Under the command of General Zachary Taylor, U.S. troops were sent into the disputed area between the Rio Grande and Nueces Rivers. The Mexican government, in a state of chaos at the time, rejected Slidell's mission. After Mexican forces repelled a U.S. scouting expedition, the United States declared war on Mexico on May 13, 1846.

      Slidell was elected to the Senate in 1853 and cast his lot with other pro-Southern congressmen to repeal the Missouri Compromise, acquire Cuba, and admit Kansas as a slave state. In the 1860 campaign Slidell supported Democratic presidential candidate John C. Breckinridge, but remained a pro-Union moderate until Abraham Lincoln's election resulted in the Southern states seceding. At the Democratic National Convention in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1860, Slidell plotted with "Fire-Eaters" such as William Lowndes Yancey of Alabama to stymie the nomination of the popular Northern Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois.[citation needed]

      Civil War

      With the passage of the Louisiana ordinance of secession, Slidell resigned from the Senate and headed home. In a dramatic farewell address, he threatened the boycott of all northern manufacturing and predicted the dominance of southern ships on the seas. He argued that foreign countries would prevent the Union from blockading southern ports: he promised that the Confederate States would never fire the first shot but if the Union did so, "This will be war, ... and we shall meet it with ... efficient weapons."[5] The historian John D. Winters reports that many Confederates "still thought a peaceful solution could be found. Many believed the Yankee incapable of learning to use a gun or of mustering enough courage to fight; the emergency [they mistakenly thought] would soon dissipate."[6]

      Slidell soon accepted a diplomatic appointment to represent the Confederacy in France. Slidell was one of the two Confederate diplomats involved in the Trent Affair in November 1861. After he was appointed the Confederate commissioner to France in September, 1861, he ran the blockade from Charleston, South Carolina, with James Murray Mason of Virginia. They then set sail from Havana on the British mail boat steamer RMS Trent but were intercepted by the US Navy while en route and taken into captivity at Fort Warren in Boston.

      The Northern public erupted with a huge display of triumphalism at this dramatic capture. Even the cool-headed Lincoln was swept along in the celebratory spirit, but when he and his cabinet studied the likely consequences of a war with Britain, their enthusiasm waned. After some careful diplomatic exchanges, they admitted that the capture had been conducted contrary to maritime law and that private citizens could not be classified as "enemy despatches." Slidell and Mason were released, and war was averted.

      After the resolution of the Trent Affair, the two diplomats set sail for England on January 1, 1862. From England, Slidell at once went to Paris, where, in February 1862, he paid his first visit to the French minister of foreign affairs. His mission to gain recognition of the Confederate States by France failed, as did his effort to negotiate a commercial agreement for France to get control of Southern cotton if the blockade were broken. In both cases, France refused to move without the co-operation of England.[7][8] He succeeded in negotiating a loan of $15,000,000 from Emile Erlanger & Co. and in securing the ship "Stonewall" for the Confederate government.[9][10]

      Later life

      Slidell moved to Paris, France, after the Civil War. He died in Cowes, Isle of Wight, England, at age 78. He is interred in the Saint-Roman family private cemetery near Paris.[11] He, Judah P. Benjamin and A. Dudley Mann were among the high-ranking Confederate officials buried abroad.

      Family

      Slidell was a brother of Alexander Slidell Mackenzie, a naval officer who commanded the USS Somers on which a unique event occurred in 1842 off the coast of Africa during the Blockade of Africa. Three crewmen were hanged after being convicted of mutiny at sea. Mackenzie reversed the order of his middle and last names to honor a maternal uncle.

      Another brother, Thomas Slidell, was chief justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court. He was also the brother-in-law of the American naval Commodore Matthew C. Perry, who was married to Slidell's sister, Jane. Perry is remembered for opening United States trade with Japan in 1853.

      Legacy

      The city of Slidell in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, was named in his honor by his son-in-law Baron Frederic Emile d'Erlanger; the village of Slidell, Texas, is also named after him.[12]

      References

      "Matilde d'Erlanger Slidell" (PDF). lasocr.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
      (PDF). 31 March 2010 https://web.archive.org/web/20100331104823/http://house.louisiana.gov/H_PDFdocs/HouseMembers1812_2008.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 March 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
      The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, p. 97
      "Teaching With Documents: Lincoln's Spot Resolutions". U.S. National Archives.
      John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963, ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, pp. 14-15
      Winters, p. 15
      Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Slidell, John" . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
      Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Slidell, John" . Encyclopedia Americana.
      Reynolds, Francis J., ed. (1921). "Slidell, John" . Collier's New Encyclopedia. New York: P. F. Collier & Son Company.
      Beach, Chandler B., ed. (1914). "Slidell, John" . The New Student's Reference Work . Chicago: F. E. Compton and Co.
      McKern, Bill. "John Slidell". Find A Grave. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
      "Handbook of Texas Online - Slidell, TX". Retrieved 2009-01-15.
      United States Congress. "John Slidell (id: S000487)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
      "John Slidell", A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography, Vol. 2 (1988), pp. 746–747
      John Slidell (1793 - 1871), civilwarhome.com

      Sources

      Case, Lynn M., and Warren E. Spencer. The United States and France: Civil War Diplomacy (1970)
      Sears, Louis Martin. "A Confederate Diplomat at the Court of Napoleon III," American Historical Review (1921) 26#2 pp. 255–281 in JSTOR on Slidell
      Sears, Louis Martin. John Slidell, Duke University Press (1925).

      External links

      Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Slidell.
      Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
      "Slidell, John" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.
      John Slidell in the Louisiana Historical Association's Dictionary of Louisiana Biography
      John Slidell at Find a Grave
      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Slidell

    4. [S1251] Find A Grave, John Slidell.
      US Senator. He graduated from Columbia University in 1810 and became an attorney and businessman, relocating to New Orleans in 1819. From 1829 to 1833 he was Louisiana's United States Attorney. In 1842 Slidell was elected to the US House as a Democrat and served one full term and part of another. In 1845 he was appointed US Minister to Mexico, but the Mexican government, believing that war with the US over Texas was imminent, refused to accept him. In 1853 Slidell was elected to fill a vacancy in the US Senate. He was later elected to a full term and served until February 1861, when he resigned to join the Confederacy. In 1861 he was appointed Commissioner charged with obtaining formal English and French recognition of the Confederate government. Attempting to circumvent a Union blockade, he sailed from Cuba on the British ship Trent. The Trent was overtaken by a Union ship, and Slidell and fellow Commissioner John Mason were imprisoned in Boston. Upon his release in 1862 Slidell left the US and resided in England and France. His daughters married members of the French nobility, with Marie Rosine becoming Countess de Saint-Roman and Matilda becoming Baronness d'Erlanger. The city of Slidell in Louisiana's St. Tammany Parish is named for him.
      https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/19030893/john-slidell#