John George Nicolay (Nikolai)

John George Nicolay (Nikolai)

Male 1832 - 1901  (69 years)

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  • Name John George Nicolay (Nikolai)  [1, 2, 3
    Relationshipwith Jeffrey Scott Vitter
    Born 26 Feb 1832  Essingen, Sudliche Weinstrasse, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    • Possibly Essingen, a small town in Bavaria near Landau in the Rhenisch Palatinate.
    John George Nicolay (Nikolai) Essingen, Germany
    John George Nicolay (Nikolai) Essingen, Germany
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Between 1846 and 1848  White Hall, Greene, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Worked in a dry good store 
    Occupation 1848  Pittsfield, Pike, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Event 1851  [2, 3
    Met John Hay, with whom he would develop a lifelong personal and professional friendship 
    Name Johann Georg, Nico 
    Occupation Inventor, received patents for a rotary printing press, an improvement to widow sash fasteners, an improvement in springboard buggies, an exercise machine, and a folding camp chair.  [2, 3
    Occupation Between 1857 and 1860  Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Secretary of State for Illinois, where he developed a friendship with Abraham Lincoln 
    Occupation Between 1861 and 1865  Washington, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Secretary to U.S. President Abraham Lincoln 
    Painting of Nicolay (seated) with Abraham Lincoln and John Hay Document
    Painting of Nicolay (seated) with Abraham Lincoln and John Hay Document
    Painting from photograph. Report ordered by JGN becase he didn't like photo backround. Pres. White House office. Painting at Hay Library, Brown University. Artist unknown. Library reported that donor is unknown.Year of donation about 1960s. Donor found in newspaper office in Pitsfield Ill.
    Medical Note Aft 1863  [2
    He had a progressive condition of asthenopia (eye strain) that lasted throughout the rest of his life 
    Occupation Between 1865 and 1869  Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    U.S. Counsul to France 
    Occupation Between 1869 and 1887  Washington, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court 
    Residence Aft 1887  212 B Street SE, Washington, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Now called Independence Avenue SE; Lived with his unmarried daughter Helen in his later years 
    Occupation 1890  [2, 3
    Author (along with John Hay) of the 10-volume, 14,000-page biography, Abraham Lincoln: A History 
    Reference Number 2589 
    Died 26 Sep 1901  Washington, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Buried Oak Hill Cemetery, Van Ness, Lot 273 East, Washington, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    • Memorial ID 10959080
    Siblings
    1. Frederick Lewis Nicolay (Nikolai),   b. Abt 1817, Essingen, Sudliche Weinstrasse, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Jan 1872, Montezuma, Pike, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     
    2. John Jacob Nicolay (Nikolai), II,   b. 26 Nov 1818, Essingen, Sudliche Weinstrasse, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jun 1889, Fairfax, Osage, Kansas, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     
    3. Catherine Nicolay (Nikolai),   b. 14 May 1821, Essingen, Sudliche Weinstrasse, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Oct 1866
     
    4. John Nicolay (Nikolai),   b. 1826, Essingen, Sudliche Weinstrasse, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1866, St Louis, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     
    Person ID I2548  Vitter-Weaver Genealogy
    Last Modified 20 Sep 2020 

    Father Johann Jakob Nicolay (Nikolai),   b. 2 Aug 1788, Essingen, Sudliche Weinstrasse, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1846, White Hall, Greene, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Maria Helena Mueller,   b. 17 Nov 1797, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1839, Cincinnati, Hamilton, Ohio, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 1816  Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Reference Number 17705 
    Family ID F1065  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Therena Bates,   b. 31 May 1836, Pittsfield, Pike, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1885, District Of Columbia, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years) 
    Married 15 Jun 1865  [2, 3
    Reference Number 17967 
    Children 
     1. Helen Nicolay,   b. 9 Mar 1866, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Sep 1954, Washington, District of Columbia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 88 years)  [natural]
     2. George Nicolay,   b. 1867, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1867  (Age 0 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 20 Sep 2020 
    Family ID F1101  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 26 Feb 1832 - Essingen, Sudliche Weinstrasse, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Worked in a dry good store - Between 1846 and 1848 - White Hall, Greene, Illinois, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - 1848 - Pittsfield, Pike, Illinois, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Secretary of State for Illinois, where he developed a friendship with Abraham Lincoln - Between 1857 and 1860 - Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Secretary to U.S. President Abraham Lincoln - Between 1861 and 1865 - Washington, District of Columbia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - U.S. Counsul to France - Between 1865 and 1869 - Paris, Île-de-France, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court - Between 1869 and 1887 - Washington, District of Columbia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Now called Independence Avenue SE; Lived with his unmarried daughter Helen in his later years - Aft 1887 - 212 B Street SE, Washington, District of Columbia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 26 Sep 1901 - Washington, District of Columbia, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    John George Nicolay
    Painting of Nicolay (seated) with Abraham Lincoln and John Hay Document

    Documents
    B181 - John George Nicolay autograph Document
    B181 - John George Nicolay autograph Document
    B181 - John George Nicolay autograph

    Headstones
    B161- Commemorative marker in front of Pike County, Ill Courthouse Headstone
    B161- Commemorative marker in front of Pike County, Ill Courthouse Headstone
    B161 - Commemorative marker in front of Pike County, Ill Courthouse

  • Notes 
    • It is said that the Nicolay brothers changed their name from the original spelling (Nikolai) because people thought they were Russians. The family name originally came from a noble family during the so called "ancien régime" in France.

      John George Nicolay was 14 years old when his father died. He worked in a store in White Hall and then on a newspaper in Pittsfield, Illinois, ultimately becoming editor in the 1850s. He worked in the office of Illinois Secretary of State, where he became acquainted with Abraham Lincoln. He served as Lincoln's secretary from 1861 to 1865. He served as U.S. Consul to Paris form 1865 to 1869 and then Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court until 1887.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1251] Find A Grave, John George Nicolay (Nikolai).
      https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/10959080/john-george-nicolay
      Nicolay John George Headstone
      Nicolay John George Headstone


    2. [S1424] George Nicolay — The Man in Lincoln's Shadow, Allen Carden and Thomas J. Ebert, (Name: University of Tennessee Press; Location: Knoxville, Tennessee, USA; Date: 2019;).
      https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/41840038-john-george-nicolay

    3. [S1425] The German-Born Secretary Who Made Abraham Lincoln Great, Allen Carden and Thomas J. Ebert, (Name: Zocalo; Location: ZocaloPublicSquare.org; Date: 12 Feb 2020;), John George Nicolay Devoted Himself to Burnishing the Memory of the 16th President—and Kept Him From Carrying Papers in His Hat.
      https://www.zocalopublicsquare.org/2020/02/12/how-john-george-nicolay-made-abraham-lincoln-great/ideas/essay/