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Saint and Bishop Gaius Sollius Modestus Apollinaris Sidonius

Saint and Bishop Gaius Sollius Modestus Apollinaris Sidonius (I72175)

Male Abt 430 - 490  (~ 50 years)

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  • Name Gaius Sollius Modestus Apollinaris Sidonius   [1, 2, 3
    Title Saint and Bishop 
    Relationshipwith Albert Leopold Vitter
    Birth Abt 5 Nov 430  Lyon, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    • Born in Lugdunum (on site of current-day Lyon) on the 5th of November of an unknown year circa 430 AD
    Gender Male 
    Name Sidonius Apollinaris 
    Occupation Poet, diplomat, and bishop. Described as "the single most important surviving author from fifth-century Gaul" according to Eric Goldberg.  [3
    Religion Roman Catholic 
    Death Between 481 and 490  [3
    Person ID I72175  Vitter-Weaver Genealogy | Jeff Vitter's Relative
    Last Modified 24 Jul 2023 

    Father Apollinaris,   b. Abt 405   d. DECEASED 
    Mother ? ?   d. DECEASED 
    Marriage UNKNOWN 
    Family ID F56853  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBirth - Abt 5 Nov 430 - Lyon, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S890] Wikipedia, Probus (son of Magnus).
      Flavius Probus (born c. 420, 430 or 435), a Roman Senator and a v. nob. (vir nobilis) of Narbonne, then Narbo, was a man of literary taste and precocious ability. His father was Flavius Magnus, Consul of Rome in 460. He was a friend of Sidonius Apollinaris from their schooldays.

      He married before 450 Eulalia (?), born c. 425, a cousin of Sidonius Apollinaris, daughter of Thaumastus. They were perhaps the parents of:

      Industria of Narbonne, then Narbo, born c. 450 or 465, married before 475 to Tonantius Ferreolus
      Firminus (455 or 460 – c. 503), v. inl. at Arles, then Arelate, and a propinq. of Magnus Felix Ennodius
      Probatius (certain son), Bishop of Uzès in 506

    2. [S890] Wikipedia, Thaumastus.
      Thaumastus (born c. 400)[1] was a friend and uncle of Sidonius Apollinaris. His brother, the elder Apollinaris was born around 405[2] and was the praetorian prefect of Gaul under Valentinian III between 425 and 455.[3] Thaumastus and his brother were both sons of another Apollinaris, praetorian prefect of Gaul before 409[3] and were friends with his successor Decimus Rusticus. Thaumastus was associated with Tonantius Ferreolus in the impeachment of Arvandus.[4] He was the father of Eulalia, born in 425,[2] married before 450 to Flavius Probus, Roman Senator.

      He seems to be a descendant of yet another Apollinaris, praetorian prefect of Gaul under Constantine II between 337 and 340.[3]

    3. [S890] Wikipedia, Sidonius Apollinaris.
      Gaius Sollius Modestus Apollinaris Sidonius, better known as Sidonius Apollinaris (5 November[1] of an unknown year, c. 430 – 481/490 AD), was a poet, diplomat, and bishop. Sidonius is "the single most important surviving author from fifth-century Gaul" according to Eric Goldberg.[2] He was one of four Gallo-Roman aristocrats of the fifth- to sixth-century whose letters survive in quantity; the others are Ruricius, bishop of Limoges (died 507), Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus, bishop of Vienne (died 518) and Magnus Felix Ennodius of Arles, bishop of Ticinum (died 534). All of them were linked in the tightly bound aristocratic Gallo-Roman network that provided the bishops of Catholic Gaul.[3] His feast day is 21 August.

      Sidonius was born in Lugdunum (Lyon). His father (anonymous) was Prefect of Gaul under Valentinian III; he recalls with pride being present with his father at the installation of Astyrius as consul for the year 449.[4] Sidonius' grandfather was Praetorian Prefect of Gaul sometime prior to 409 and a friend of his successor Decimus Rusticus. Sidonius may be a descendant of another Apollinaris who was Prefect of Gaul under Constantine II between 337 and 340.

      Sidonius married Papianilla, the daughter of Emperor Avitus, around 452.[5] This union produced one son, Apollinaris, and at least two daughters: Sidonius mentions in his letters Severina and Roscia, but a third, Alcima, is only mentioned much later by Gregory of Tours, and Theodor Mommsen has speculated that Alcima may be another name for one of his other daughters.[6] His known acquaintances include bishop Faustus of Riez and his theological adversary Claudianus Mamertus; his life and friendships put him in the center of 5th-century Roman affairs.

      In 457 Majorian deprived Avitus of the empire and seized the city of Lyons; Sidonius fell into his hands. However, the reputation of Sidonius's learning led Majorian to treat him with the greatest respect. In return Sidonius composed a panegyric in his honour (as he had previously done for Avitus), which won for him a statue at Rome and the title of comes. In 467 or 468 the emperor Anthemius rewarded him for the panegyric which he had written in honour of him by raising him to the post of Urban Prefect of Rome, which he held until 469, and afterwards to the dignity of Patrician and Senator. In 470 or 472, he was elected to succeed Eparchius in the bishopric of Averna (Clermont).

      When the Goths captured Clermont in 474 he was imprisoned, as he had taken an active part in its defense; but he was afterwards released from captivity by Euric, king of the Goths, and continued to shepherd his flock as he had done before; he did so until his death.

      Sidonius's relations have been traced over several generations as a narrative of a family's fortunes, from the prominence of his paternal grandfather's time into later decline in the 6th century under the Franks. Sidonius's son Apollinaris, who was a correspondent of Ruricius of Limoges, commanded a unit raised in Auvergne on the losing side of the decisive Battle of Vouille, and also was bishop of Clermont for four months until he died.[7] Sidonius's grandson Arcadius, on hearing a rumor that the Frankish king Theuderic I had died, betrayed Clermont to Childebert I, only to abandon his wife and mother when Theuderic appeared; his other appearance in the history of Gregory of Tours is as a servant of king Childebert.[8]

      Sidonius was still living in 481.[9] He was dead before 490, when his successor as bishop, Aprunculus, died. His date of death was 21 or 23 August.[10]

      His extant works are his Panegyrics on different emperors (in which he draws largely upon Statius, Ausonius and Claudian), which document several important political events. Carmen 7 is a panegyric to his father-in-law Avitus on his inauguration as emperor. Carmen 5 is a panegyric to Majorian, which offers evidence that Sidonius was able to overcome the natural suspicion and hostility towards the man who was responsible for the death of his father-in-law. Carmen 2 is a panegyric to the emperor Anthemius, part of Sidonius' efforts to be appointed Urban Prefect of Rome; several samples of occasional verse; and nine books of Letters, about which W.B. Anderson notes, "Whatever one may think about their style and diction, the letters of Sidonius are an invaluable source of information on many aspects of the life of his time."[11] While very stilted in diction, these Letters reveal Sidonius as a man of genial temper, fond of good living and of pleasure. A letter of Sidonius's addressed to Riothamus, "King of the Brittones" (c. 470) is of particular interest, since it provides evidence that a king or military leader with ties to Britain lived around the time frame of King Arthur. The best edition is that in the Monumenta Germaniae Historica (Berlin, 1887), which gives a survey of the manuscripts. An English translation of his poetry and letters by W.B. Anderson, with accompanying Latin text, have been published by the Loeb Classical Library (volume 1, containing his poems and books 1-2 of his letters, 1939;[12] remainder of letters, 1965). Among his lost works, is the one on Apollonius of Tyana.[13]

      Gregory of Tours speaks of Sidonius as a man who could celebrate Mass from memory (without a sacramentary) and give unprepared speeches without any hesitation.[14]

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