Artigues Family Notes and Open Questions

This page summarizes some information found during our research on the Artigues Family. There are several open questions in our Vitter family tree regarding the Vitter-Artigues link. Any information you can provide would be greatly appreciated!

The name "Artigues" is said to mean "clearer of the forest" in French. According to ancestry.com, the name Artigues comes from Catalan to mean topographic name for someone who lived on a patch of land newly broken up, Cat. artiga (of uncertain, possibly Celtic origin). There are places in the provinces of Biscay and Barcelona named with the plural form of this word, and both may have contributed to the surname.

The Vitter Family and the Artigues Family are related through two links: Ferréol Jean Marie Artigues (1852–1914) had a daughter (Marie) Berthe (née Artigues) Vitter, who married Albert L. Vitter Sr. They are A. L. Vitter Jr.'s parents. In addition, Jean Ferréol "John" Artigues (1851–1890) married Marie Louise Cathalongne (1854–1921), daughter of Marie Louise Vitter Cathalongne (1826–1907), who was Albert L. Vitter Sr.'s great aunt and one of the children aboard the ship Lyons. A. L. Vitter Jr. and New Orleans jazz musician Albert Artigues Jr. (1907–1980) were 3rd cousins by both relationships — making them double 3rd cousins! Today by coincidence, A. L.'s son Jeff happens to live two houses away from Albert Jr.'s grandson Sydney Artigues Jr. You can read more here about Albert Artigues and his world of jazz.

Salies-du-Salat terrain Les environs de Salies-du-Salat, Haute-Garonne, France

The death record of John F. Artigues who died of yellow fever in 1890 indicated that he was born in Salies-du-Salat in Haute-Garonne (département 61), between St. Gaudens and Toulouse. The genealogy notes from Jean Jacques "John" Artigues (1871–1944) and his daughter Blanche (née Artigues) Johnson (1905–1985), written originally around 1935 and provided in the early 2000s by Bert Artigues, list the lineage of Artigues from Salies-du-Salat. Several members emigrated to New Orleans during the last half of the 1800s.

The 1920 and 1930 census records for Bert's grandfather (Jean) Bertrand Artigues indicate that he emigrated in 1898 to the U.S. He tended bar for his uncle (and Jeff Vitter's great grandfather) Ferréol Artigues, mentioned at the start of this article, and he later became a butcher. In the 1930 census, Bertrand had a large family and as well had living with him his nephew Maurice Artigues Sr. (1913–1968), niece Louise Artigues, and sister-in-law Anna Delord. Artigues descendants recall discussions by Maurice and his wife Eran (née LeBlanc) Artigues (1915–1992) that the family came from around Lourdes, France, which is 42 miles west of Salies-du-Salat. The precise home seems to be Salies du Salat. Bert Artigues sent a copy of the document settling the estate of Marie Joséphine Louise Alexandrine Audoubert (Bert's 1st cousin 1x removed) in Salies-du-Salat in 1975.

When she was nearing death, Eran LeBlanc Artigues (widow of Maurice Artigues Sr.) left a note with her daughter Jo Mary Artigues that included information about her ancestors and Maurice Artigues Sr.'s ancestors. In the note, she wrote that Maurice Sr.'s parents were Louis Jean Artigues and Marie (née Lalanne Candegave) Artigues, and that his grandparents were John F. Artigues and Marie Louise (née Cathalongne) Artigues. However, it appears from the detailed notes of Jean Jacques Artigues and Blanche (née Artigues) Johnson that Maurice Sr.'s natural grandparents were instead Jean François Baptiste Artigues and Marie Josephe (née Soubiran) Artigues, who remained in Salies-du-Salat, France when their sons Louis Jean Artigues and Bertrand Jean Artigues emigrated to New Orleans. It is natural to suppose that when Louis Jean Artigues emigrated to the U.S. in 1900, he was taken in by Marie Louise (née Cathalongne) Artigues (the widow of John F. Artigues, who was a 1st cousin of Jean François Baptiste Artigues), and for that reason Louis's children Maurice and Louise and their descendants thought of John F. Artigues and Marie Louise (née Cathalongne) Artigues as being the grandparents of Maurice.

There is some uncertainty as to the father(s) of John F. Artigues (born in 1851, husband of Marie Louise (née Cathalongne) Artigues) and Joseph Artigues (born around 1853). In the 1880 census, Marie Artigues, age 58 (not very legible), is listed as living with Jean Artigues and his family. This is likely Marie (née Pugibet) Artigues, wife of Louis Artigues. John and Joseph are listed as brothers on the 1880 census, living at John's house at 495 St. Ann. Joseph's wedding certificate lists Louis Artigues and Marie Pugibet as his parents, which would make them the parents of John as well. Marie is listed as John's aunt in the 1880 census, but it is probably a mistake. Marie is probably Marie Pugibet and (by the above hypothesis) John's mother. All this coincides with detailed notes left by Jean Jacques Artigues and Blanche Artigues Johnson.

There is an active Facebook page called "Artigues Reunion" that includes regular participation by several descendants of the Artigues just mentioned, many now living in Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina.

There is also a large line of Artigues family members in the Salies-du-Salat/Lannemezan/Montsaunès area of Haute-Garonne who are likely related to the Vitter Artigues line. Roseline (née Lagarde) Leclerc, whose daughter Leslie visited Jeff & Sharon in Oxford, Mississippi in June 2018, has an aunt in Le Fréchet named (Berthe) Pierrette (née Artigues) Sengès who remembers as a child visiting a distant cousin (Louis) Vincent Artigues (1876–1965) on his nearby farm in Salies-du-Salat. Vincent is Jeff Vitter's 1st cousin 2x removed. But we still do not know if and how Roseline, Leslie, anmd Pierrette and their line are related.

Salies-du-Salat street Salies-du-Salat with the ruins of Our Lady of Mercy Catholic Church above on the hillside

Yet another line of Artigues from Salies-du-Salat exists, headed by Joseph Artigues (born 1790), and we don't know if they are connected to our line or the line mentioned in the previous paragraph. It is likely all three lines are related, but we are yet to determine how.

A future project for our website is to create a Cemeteries page that lists all the cemeteries we know of where people in the family tree are buried, with links to the individuals buried there. The Artigues family tomb in St. Louis Cemetery No. 3 on Esplanade Avenue near City Park in New Orleans contains the following individuals listed in their records for Square 1, Fol. No. 94, Lot 29, contact Mrs. Lucille Martin:

  • Joseph (or Josephine) Ferran (1871–1897) (unknown relation, but curiously Jeff Vitter's maternal grandmother was a Ferran, and his paternal grandmother was an Artigues),
  • Child of Mrs. A. Artigues (stillborn 7 February 1900),
  • Widow of Louis Artigues (Marie Pugibet) (1821–4 December 1904),
  • Child of Mrs. Artigues (stillborn 18 January 1914),
  • Ferréol Artigues (1852–15 July 1914),
  • Child of Mrs. John Artigues (stillborn 26 October 1916),
  • Mrs. Emma Langhetee (1878–11 January 1921) (transferred later to another tomb),
  • Widow of John Artigues (Marie Louise Cathalogne) (1854–1921),
  • Louis M. Artigues (1874–16 January 1924),
  • Child of Mrs. Albert Artigues (stillborn on 5 February 1930),
  • John L. Artigues (1892–3 May 1934),
  • Albert Artigues (1875–26 March 1935),
  • Widow Adel Artigues (wife of Albert Artigues) (1883–30 June 1937),
  • Camille M. Artigues (1886–27 August 1947),
  • Josephine Artigues (1877–11 May 1964),
  • Albert J. Artigues (1907–23 July 1980),
  • Dorothy M. Artigues (1921–4 April 1989)

The dates are probably burial dates, since they differ from some known deaths by a couple days, and the birthdates are approximate, based on the indicated age at death. All these people, with the exception of Joseph/Josephine Ferran are listed in the family tree.

Another Artigues family tomb lists the following individuals:

  • Josephine Delord (8 April 1904),
  • Pierre Delord (27 January 1909),
  • Jean M. Armaguac (17 January 1910),
  • Eugenie Delord (4 April 1919),
  • Louise J. Artigues (3 October 1925),
  • Louise Delord (2 December 1926),
  • Anna Armaguac (24 December 1930),
  • Child of Mrs. R. Artigues (13 November 1932)
  • Jean M. Delord (3 May 1935)
  • Anna Delord (4 October 1942)
  • Bertrand Artigues (14 October 1951),
  • Josephine D. Artigues (23 August 1952),
  • Fernand J. Artigues (29 April 1953),
  • Alcee B. Artigues (9 June 1975),
  • George Louis Artigues (7 February 1979),
  • Colma Marguette Linden Artigues (14 May 1979)
  • Bertha M. Artigues (16 August 1983),
  • George Artigues, Jr. (24 June 1985),
  • Myrtle R. Artigues (13 January 1988).

There were several other Artigues in New Orleans who are not listed in the family tree but may be related. Some examples from the New Orleans index of births and marriages: Jean Marie Artigues and Agnès Ayloth had children Josephine on 15 April 1858, Henry Edouard on 9 June 1861, and Blanche Anna on 4 May 1863. Jean Marie Artigues (26 years old) and Jeanne Bordes (26 years old) were married on 15 April 1873 and had children Marceline on 1 September 1870, Jean Marcelin on 13 March 1878, Marie Julie on 15 March 1880, Euphrasie Françoise on 8 July 1884, and Jean Marie on 26 October 1890. (The age of the second Jean Marie indicates that the two cannot be the same.) Pierre Artigues and Madeline Diekmann had son Alfred on 11 March 1895. Marie B. Artigues (18) married Charles Bordes (21) on 8 April 1891.

There are two Artigues-Dutrey connections in the family tree: Jean Jacques "John" Artigues (listed as age 33) married (Albert) Jules Dutrey's sister Euphrasie Marie Dutrey (29) on 15 September 1904. John's brother Louis Jean Artigues (22) married Jules's wife's sister Marie Lalanne Candegave (25). So Jules Dutrey had an Artigues brother-in-law on both his side and his wife's side, and the two brothers-in-law were brothers! This Artigues-Dutrey connection is also mentioned in the story about Jean Louis Barthou.

There have been Artigues living in the San Francisco area for over 125 years. There was a large Basque population in San Francisco, and perhaps that branch of the Artigues family is from the Basque region, which is very close to Salies-du-Salat and Lourdes, France. Ray and Irene Artigues are living there today or very recently. The names of those living there in 1880 include Louis, Marie (wife), Frances, Louise, Evangeline, Jennie, John, Marius, Achille, Adèle (wife), and Emile. Paul Artigues and his wife Dorothy lived in San Francisco in the 1930s. According to the 1880 census, all but the children were born in France (or Belgium in the case of Adèle). It's interesting to note that Louis Artigues, born in 1830 in France, was working as a butcher in 1880 in San Francisco, the same time that Ferréol (Jeff Vitter's great grandfather) and nephews were working as butchers in New Orleans.

There's a Jesuit priest Fr. Ramón Artigues Sirvent (1902–1936), martyred July 20, 1936 in Lérida, Spain during the Spanish Civil War. He is being considered for beatification (a preliminary step toward sainthood).